3D-AOI Technology

SAKI's 3D AOI Series is designed for Smart Factory Integration

Our unique hardware and software technologies enable high speed precision measurement, and inspection.

Importance of 3D Inspection

PCB programming efficiency and inspection capability are improved at the same time

Saki's 2D inspection technology easily accomodates differences in component and substrate color and brightness. This is especially important when addressing material variation from lot to lot, common in today's manufacturing environment. Benefits include reduced debugging time and elimination of false calls yielding higher throughput and overall efficiency.


Benefits of 3D inspection

Quantitative height measurement identfiies component size and positional accuracy across a wide range of components. 3D inspection is especially suitable for components like QFP, mini transistors, connectors and others as shown below.

The incorporation of height measurement expands inspection capability and user benefits. These include identification of changes in component tilt and lift, finding foreign object and debris including extra components, and solder related defects. Solder inspection can be measured against IPC 610 classification and custom specifications you create. And switching between IPC 610 Classifications 1, 2 and 3 takes just seconds.

Lifted body


Lifted lead


Use of 2D Inspection

While much emphasis is placed on the value and benefits of 3D inspection, 2D technology continues to play an important role in the inspection process. Examples where 2D inspection are well suited include component polarity, part number character recognition, solder bridging, and component colorization.

3D Automated Optical Inspection Systems (3D-AOI)


3D Technology Background Development

Saki's product line accomodates a broad range of applications and needs. Three machine sizes support PCB's up to 27" x 34" and includes both single and dual lane configurations. Multiple sensors 7μm, 12μm, and 18μm support applications from semiconductor through SMT. Saki's common hardware and software design across its 3D AOI and SPI product line reduces training time, reduces spare parts inventory, simplifies maintenance, and creates shorter lead times.


Saki's M size system maximizes floorspace for PCB's up to 13" x 13" (330mm x 330mm)

3Si/3Di Series

3Si/3Di Series M-size System

Saki's M size system width of 13" (330mm) maximizes your floorspace and productivity. The system is especially suitable for automotive and mobile, hand held products. The Si/Di Series has a reduced footprint of 25% compared to previous models.

Proprietary Hardware

Saki's unique gantry design includes a dual Y Axis drive and dual servos with linear encoders to produce high precision, high repeatability, and high speed inspection. The system is designed to provide highly stable inspection in the most demanding production environments. Coupled with a rigid gantry structure Saki's unique design delivers 3μm (3σ) positional accuracy.


Industry Leading Productivity

Our unique system uses a CoaXPress Standard 12 MP high speed camera to deliver industry leading 5,700 mm2/sec inspection speed at 18μm resolution. This system is 1.7 x faster than our previous model supporting the worlds most demanding applications including those with cycle times down to 15 seconds.

The video below shows a PCB inspected by our previous and new 3Di model.

Previous model

(FOVs 35, Scanning time 13 sec)

New 3 Di model

(FOVs 24, Scanning time 7 sec)


Saki's improved PCB conveyor system reduces cycle time maximizing throughput

An optional feature permits the operator to remove a defective PCB from within the machine. This feature eliminates the need, expense, and floorspace for an external conveyor. The conveyor system supports PCB's up to 25.5 lbs (12kg).


High-precision 0201 metric component inspection (0.008" x 0.004")

The high-resolution 7 μm sensor supports high-precision 0201 metric (0.008" x 0.004") component inspection.

Comparison of a 01005 (0.010" x 0.005") and 0201 metric (0.008" x 0.004") component inspection with Saki's 7μm sensor


Side Cameras

Inspection capability is increased with the use of four side mounted cameras. This is especially useful with densely populated PCB's, components located near connectors, under and around RF shields, and lead-less devices.

Four multi-directional cameras

Top Camera Image

Side Cameras Image

Saki's new model 3Di is designed for increased productivity and higher precision.

Proprietary Software

Saki's system maps and saves an image of the entire PCB surface. This enables warpage compensation and provides historic 3D viewing supporting traceability requirements. The system can save a complete image of every PCB and all of its components for retrieval and viewing at a later date.

Unique substrate surface image

3D image of the entire substrate surface


Saki Self-Programming (SSP) Software

Simplicity in use is a hallmark of Saki products. The systems are designed with the concept of “Board less, Skill less, and Stress less,” use. This design philosophy includes easy and fast programming, and provides an intuitive GUI and navigation system to minimize operator skill requirements. Saki's Self-Programming Software (SSP) with its broad component knowledge base consisting of thousands of component types works with your BOM to automatically create programs. And the same PCB data can be used for both AOI and SPI machines making it possible to prepare inspection programs using the same data set.


Full Board Mapping

Saki's 3D inspection systems map the height of the entire PCB surface. The system is capable of inspecting board one at the start of production. Full board mapping provides reliable and stable inspection regardless of component and substrate color, and the precense of foreign material. The Foreign Object and Debris (FOD), and Extra Component Detection (ECD) capabilities provide another layer of inspection capability to ensure your PCB quality.


2D/3D hybrid high-precision solder inspection

Saki's experience in 2D inspection has created an algorithm designed specifically for post-soldering processes like Selective and Wave solder. Additionally, inspection results are simplified permitting batch inspection of solder defects in one inspection window.

IC pin detection image

IC solder inspection image

Through-hole solder inspection image

3D through-hole solder image

3D pin detection image


Threshold based inspection determination

Solder inspection is based upon IPC 610 standards and you may easily switch between classifications 1, 2 and 3. IPC thresholds may be assigned across the entire PCB, or individual components. In addition, you may create and name your own settings.

Inspection compliant with the IPC 610 Standards

Histogram of sample values


Multi Process View(MPV)

Saki's Multi Process View feature displays the results of multiple processes, SPI, pre-reflow AOI, and post reflow AOI, on one screen in real time. The feature allows you to compare the component in various steps of the process to aid in process troubelshooting and root cause analysis.

Automatic Self-diagnostic System provides consistent performance, and predictive and preventive maintenance

To realize high productivity, with reliable and consistant results the Saki system includes a Self Diagnostic feature set. The system assures accuracy and reliability by providing real-time monitoring of critical assemblies, and visualization of machine operational status. The feature includes both predictive and preventive maintenance management. The system identifies degrading performance, prompts scheduled maintenence and replacement of consumable parts to eliminate down time due to unforeseen errors and failures.

Time Based Maintenance

Condition Based Maintenance

High productivity and high precision inspection are necessary requirements to support M2M (machine to machine) interaction and SMART factory implementation.
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